Be Well program supports police response to mental health crisis calls in Southern Calif.
“It allows our officers to deal with crime versus mental health calls, which are not necessarily our specialty.”
By Hanna Lykke
The Orange County Register
ORANGE COUNTY, Calif. — A police radio dispatched the partners — but there were no sirens, flashing lights, guns or handcuffs.
They pulled up in an electric-blue van, with “Hope HAPPENS HERE” emblazoned on a side, this time near a McDonald’s off of Westminster Avenue in Garden Grove.
A half-dozen homeless people stood, sat, or laid on the front lawn of Coventry Meadows apartments. A year ago, officers would have taken the call, a typical one, asking them to remove the gathering. Instead, mental-health-crisis workers Victoria Tran, who is also an EMT, and Victor Reyes approached the group armed with Kirkland granola bars and water.
“Have you heard about Be Well before?” Tran asked, and the pair then inquired if anyone needed anything besides the bars and water such as a referral to a shelter on the spot via an iPad (no), with half of the homeless eventually sauntering off and the Be Well van gliding away as well, soon headed to a domestic dispute call.
Be Well is part of a national groundswell, putting mental-health experts on calls that cops always took before, reducing the chance of tension-filled conflicts that can go deadly, matching the experts with those who might need them, and letting officers focus more on crime-related dispatches.
Be Well, like other such programs, is modeled after CAHOOTS (Crisis Assistance Helping Out On The Streets), which began in Eugene, Oregon, in 1989. In the past year, having Be Well has cost Garden Grove about $1.4 million, with the mobile team responding to nearly 2,900 mental-health, domestic-dispute or homelessness calls, or for cuts and grazes, performing CPR and administering Narcan to counter opioid overdoses.
“We are extremely happy with the partnership with Be Well — they have been a wonderful resource for our Police Department and our community,” Assistant City Manager Lisa Kim said.
First launched in Orange County in August 2021, in Huntington Beach, Be Well mobile units now also serve Anaheim, Irvine and Newport Beach besides Garden Grove. Usually, the mobile team is two mental-health specialists, dressed in unassuming polos and slacks. The only sign of their official business, besides the van, is a Be Well logo on the shirt and a radio pinned to a lapel.
In Garden Grove, one team is on duty at a time. Often, more than one shift works a day.
“When they do see us, it is a refreshing perspective because they’re not seeing law enforcement right away,” Tran said. “They’re seeing people in a blue van asking if they’re OK.”
For people under the influence, Be Well offers rides to its 60,000-square-foot facility off of South Anita Drive near the UC Irvine Medical Center in Orange.
That facility is the epicenter of the nonprofit Be Well and has received funding from Kaiser Permanente and Providence St. Joseph Health, among others. Here, Orange County residents can get mental-health care and substance-abuse treatment regardless of their insurance situation. Among the amenities: There is a sobering center, where someone can stay until they are no longer intoxicated.
The three-story “campus,” as Be Well calls it, somewhat has the look of a tony hotel. The breezy inside space is replete with earth tones, wood floors and chic, oblong lamps. There’s a small garden at the heart of the complex, a gym and a deck with patio space. Hallways are lined with patients’ artwork; succulents abound. Inspirational slogans similar to that on Be Well’s van are some walls.
“Care happens here,” one reads.
It was here where Mission Viejo resident Scott Anderson got sober after a downturn in his mental health triggered alcoholism. The pandemic cost Anderson his restaurant job and put people at a distance; as COVID-19 raged, he tried outpatient programs and hospital stays but nothing stuck.
“I was in a do-or-die situation where I needed help,” the Cal State Fullerton student said.
Faced with an ultimatum to “get sober or move out” of his home, Anderson recalled, he got into Be Well’s withdrawal-management program, staying 11 days at the Orange facility for detox, to manage the initial withdrawal symptoms. Then a room opened up for a longer stay, and Anderson spent another 90 days there, leaving in August 2021 — Be Well refers to this as a “graduation.”
“If it wasn’t for Be Well, I don’t know where I’d be right now,” the 25-year-old said.
Anderson has remained in college and is employed now, full time, with Be Well. Among his duties: He runs a weekly group for Be Well alumni.
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Be Well vans offer an amnesty box for those who wish to surrender drugs without penalty, and rides to the Be Well campus or to hospitals or social-services offices.
A teenager was taken to a boba shop once so team members could hear her out after an explosive family argument. She felt understood, and cared for. Meanwhile, another Be Well team talked with the teen’s family.
A former combat medic in Iraq for the U.S. Army, Tam Nguyen pointed out that he and other Be Well team members can spend a lot of time with those in need. They offer follow-ups, a case manager, and referrals to other services.
On calls, Be Well’s Garden Grove teams keep in constant contact with police. They have access to the police and fire dispatchers’ broadcasts. Dispatchers assess whether only police should roll, or Be Well, or both.
“We’re responding to the calls that police typically show up to with guns and body armor,” Nguyen said. “So it’s nice to tell dispatch where we are at. We can request an officer to respond with us at the same time.”
On some calls, officers will instruct the Be Well team to stand by, so they can ensure any weapons are removed from the scene, Nguyen said.
After the homelessness call, Tran and Reyes got back into the blue van and rolled for several miles to a one-story house on a tree-lined street. A woman’s ex-partner apparently had showed up and was yelling, cursing at her. He had left by the time Be Well pulled up.
Cpl. Luis Ramirez was already there. He asked Reyes and Tran questions for advice on his response.
“I ask (Be Well) for advice because I’m not a psychologist or a doctor,” the police officer said later. “They know more about this than we do.
“I would have to go the criminal side of things, which is usually taking someone to jail,” Ramirez said. “If there’s no crime involved, then we’d just have to see if the family can work it out.”
After Ramirez bid goodbye to the woman and her kids to head off on another call, Be Well lingered. For 30 minutes, Reyes and Tran offered the woman’s small children fidget spinners, made small talk about elementary school and explained what resources could help the family.
Later, Sgt. Jeffrey Brown would say he has been “extremely impressed” with Be Well.
“There’s been zero talks about ending the partnership — everything that’s come from it has been extremely positive,” the sergeant said.
For one thing, Be Well gives officers more time for other calls.
“It’s really freed up our officers who may spend hours on a call for service that Be Well can take over,” Brown said. “It allows our officers to deal with crime versus mental-health calls, which are not necessarily our specialty. We don’t have all the mental-health resources Be Well has access to.”
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The original Be Well contract with the city of Garden Grove, much of it funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, was to expire in December. But at the City Council’s Oct. 25 meeting, the panel voted unanimously to renew the contract until June 30, 2023, for an additional $450,000.
On average, Garden Grove police had responded to 3,000-plus calls a year tied to mental health, the assistant city manager said in a report, and more than 11,400 calls for homelessness, which can be linked to mental illness.
On 57% of Be Well’s calls, which average 30 minutes, Be Well responds without an officer — the cops can now better respond to “critical emergency calls,” Kim said.
Back on the streets of Garden Grove, as Tran and Reyes’ time with the woman and her children was winding down, there was another buzz over the radio.
Tran and Reyes, once again, hopped into the blue van and were off.